The Road to Sustainable Farming: How You Can Improve Productivity


Improving farming productivity is a never-ending process that requires constant vigilance. This article will teach you ten different ways to improve your farm’s productivity, so you can spend less time worrying about it and more time doing what you love — farming.

Improve Farming by Hand and Labor

Working by hand and using labor-intensive methods can improve productivity. With the advancement of technology, many farmers have stopped these techniques because they are not as efficient (and often less satisfying) than machines.

However, you need to utilize physical labor to maximize productivity. For example, laborers will manually weed fields rather than machines to produce a higher and better quality weed.

Start with the basics. Take care of your soil, plants, and animals to produce healthier crops and livestock that can better thrive in adverse conditions.

Crop Rotation

Remember to rotate crops every year, and you will increase the productivity of your farm. The reason behind this is because each type of plant requires different nutrients to grow. By rotating them annually, they can access these necessary elements more easily than if they were constantly planted on the same plot of land. For example: If you cultivate corn in a land, try planting soybeans after each harvest to improve soil fertility.

Use your time wisely

Utilize the hours of daylight to their fullest potential. Start work at sunrise and finish before sundown. You can accomplish much more in this shorter amount of time than if you were working from sunset till dawn.

Create a Community

Creating community among your workers can improve productivity. If you have a farm with many employees, implement an incentive program to increase morale and keep them motivated. It’s also important for these individuals to share ideas to learn from one another. This will help everyone become more knowledgeable.

Cover Crops

Cover crops refer to planting vegetation such as legumes, grasses, or other plants that are not harvested to act as a protective barrier for the soil. They are an excellent way to improve the soil on your farm and make it more fertile for future plantings. In some cases, they will also reduce weed growth, help control pests, and buffer against erosion from wind or rain events. Especially legumes, they fix nitrogen in the soil, which is a key component for plant growth.

Crop Diversification

If you want a more profitable farm, it is helpful to diversify your crops by planting annuals and perennials. This ensures that if there is an unfavorable season for a plant, others will still thrive, keeping your farm’s production levels high.

Better Irrigation

One of the most overlooked aspects of farming is proper irrigation. This can be as simple or complex as you want it to be, from drip systems to furrows that allow water to seep into the ground when there are no rain events. But without a good source of moisture for your crops, they will wither and die.

Increase the efficiency of your irrigation system. You can do this by installing an efficient drip or soaker hose, which will add to water savings and decrease instances of crop damage when it’s windy outside.

Better Fertilizer

Without proper nutrients, your crops will not be able to grow properly. Talk to your local Agrologist about the best options for you, whether organic fertilizers like manure or chemical ones can be purchased at any hardware store. Choose wisely.

Minimize your use of nitrogen fertilizer to reduce costs and potential environmental harm. You can find more nitrogen in the soil from crop residue,  legumes, or composted manure.

Improve Farming Through Machinery and Livestock

Using machinery is a time-tested way to increase production on your farm. You could purchase hay balers, which can make bales in bulk and store for winter use. Or consider getting a tractor that would allow you to plow more land at once or till the soil as quickly as possible. You could also use a UTV for fieldwork, like applying lime or fertilizer to your land. You may need to spend a little more money up-front to invest in these tools, but it will be worth the investment in the long run.

Equipment Repairs

Don’t neglect your equipment. It is necessary for increasing productivity on your farm. Keep your tractors and UTVs in good working order by performing regular UTV repairs and maintenance.

Correct Way of Utilizing Livestock

Livestock is an excellent way to improve production on your farm, whether they are used for meat or dairy purposes. They can also provide you with an opportunity to diversify your crops and add more produce while reducing the risk associated with monoculture. You can use them as a fertilizer source by collecting and composting their manure.

You can also rent animals to till and loosen the soil with their hooves or as a way to control pests.

Consider a rotational grazing system where animals are rotated to different parts of the farm every few days for fresh grasses and lower the risk of overgrazing pasture land.


If there is a lot of manure on your farm from livestock, this could be harmful. You need to consider how much space they have for grazing and that their pasture land has not been overgrazed. If you need to collect manure from these sources, ensure that you do not have an excess amount of it on your property. Ideally, it should be less than 200 square meters (about 6,000 square feet).

There are different ways that farming can be improved. It is important to have a diverse set of crops, utilize livestock effectively and efficiently. When it comes to farm machinery or equipment repairs, make sure things are in good condition, so the efficiency of your production has no risk for loss. With these pointers, we hope you can improve your farming productivity and grow healthier, more productive crops.

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